The sight, smell and taste of a cup of coffee, anytime of the day, is one thing that makes pretty much everyone happy. And why not? A cup of coffee is the best refreshment to wake up to, for a morning coffee break, to enjoy after a long day in the office or a tiresome day in school or just to enjoy with friends at home.
Coffee is absolutely one of the best things ever created.
The coffee that you drink today has a long history, and here are just a few of the cool things to know about this wonderful, intoxicating, beneficial and nearly-addicting beverage.
① Coffee was First Discovered by a Goat
Yes, a goat. Probably not the one in this video, however but given his apparently penchant for leaping, probably a relative. As one version of the story goes, once upon a time in Ethiopia, Kaldi the Goatherder noticed that when his flock nibbled on the bright red berries of a certain bush they became more energetic (jumping goats?). Upon chewing the fruit himself, his exhilaration prompted him to bring the berries to an Islāmic monk in a nearby monastery, but the monk disapproved of their use and threw them into a fire, from which an enticing aroma billowed. The roasted beans were quickly raked from the embers, ground up, and dissolved in hot water, yielding the world’s first cup of coffee. While there are many oft-disputed versions of this story, the fact is that the beverage made its way to Medina and Mecca, then to Turkey by way of merchants trading their goods from Africa in Genoa, Marseilles and Venice in the 15th century. Venetian merchants introduced coffee-drinking to the wealthy in Venice, charging them heavily for the beverage.
Coffee became more widely accepted after Pope Clement VIII condoned its use in 1600, following controversy over whether it was acceptable for Catholics to consume it and appeals to ban the drink.
② The first European coffee house.
Apart from those in the Ottoman Empire, the first known coffee house opened in Venice in 1720 as Caffee Florian, and remains situated in the Procuratie Nuove of Piazza San Marco,Venice. It’s known as the oldest coffee house still in continuous operation in Europe, rivaling Cafe Procope in Paris.
Soon those beans of glory made their way into Europe and to the UK, and in the 1700’s across the sea to the Americas where it became the source of numerous revolutions and revolts, from Haiti to Brazil.
After the Boston Tea Party of 1773, large numbers of Americans switched to drinking coffee during the American Revolution because drinking tea had become unpatriotic.
③ How Popular is Coffee?
There are at least 500 species of coffee around the world. Robusta andArabica are the two most popularly known species of coffee; Thanks to Starbucks and Italian Train Stations, more than 500 billion cups of coffee are consumed every year worldwide and more than half of them are consumed during breakfast.
Espresso machines are among the most popular gifts, both for corporate and private individuals, and what wedding registry is complete without that Nespresso Machine? “Espresso machine reviews” are among the most searched-for keywords on the net at holiday time. That’s how popular coffee and coffee machines have become among the hoi paloi, and honestly, having George Clooney as a spokesman and advocate doesn’t hurt either.
④ Coffee and Caffeine Content – Popular Misconceptions
Contrary to what many people believe, there is more caffeine content in light roast coffee than the dark roast one. Ergo, the longer coffee beans are roasted, the more caffeine content is extruded out of the beans.
So, the next time you buy coffee beans, remember caffeine content is higher in light roast coffee than the dark roasted beans.
⑤ Coffee; A Controversial Source of Sin and Law-Breaking
Strangely, the world’s favorite beverage was declared illegal three times by three different cultures. During the sixteenth century coffee was declared illegal in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. The ban was eased 30 years later after several jurists and scholars argued against it.
Coffee was banned for the second time in Europe by Charles II, stating that coffee houses were responsible for quelling the ongoing rebellion during that time. The ban faced big time criticism and backfired; the result – the ban was never enforced.
In 1677, coffee was banned in Germany by the German ruler Fedrick who raised doubts about the economic effects on money brought by the popular beverage.
⑥ Coffee Is The SECOND MOST Traded Commodity in the World.
Not surprisingly, coffee stands second only to oil among commodities traded all over the world. But that could change sooner than we think. With oil prices going down and many countries looking to find alternative solutions for oil, it may not be too long before coffee becomes the number one traded commodity in the world.
There you have it. A brief history of Coffee and some very cool facts you didn’t know. Go ahead, have another cup. If you’re really clever, you’ll invest in some coffee futures!